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Gorham’s Cave

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Gibraltar’s Gorham’s Cave is a unique archaeological site located on the eastern side of the Rock of Gibraltar, formed by Jurassic limestone, with a known length of 330 feet (100m) and a height of 115 feet (35m). The further research goes , the longer the cave might get in the future.

In 2016 this site was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is considered one of the most important Neanderthal sites in the world. The cave’s significance lies in the fact that it has yielded a wealth of information about the way early humans lived and evolved.

Gorham’s Cave can be visited with Gibraltar Tours private tours or by booking our Platinum Tour of Gibraltar package. This cave was first discovered in the 19th century, but it wasn’t until the 20th century that archaeologists began to explore its significance. Since then, the cave has been the subject of extensive research, with scientists studying the fossils, artefacts, and rock formations found within its walls.

The cave is named after Captain A.Gorham, who first explored the site in 1907 while opening a fissure that led to the sea cavern, he since then inscribed his name on the walls of the cave, which have given the cave its name until the present date.

Gibraltar’s Gorham’s Cave is believed to have been used by early humans, including Neanderthals, as a shelter and hunting ground. Evidence of their presence has been found in the form of fossils, Pottery, stone tools, and other artefacts. Archaeologists found an old burial site that was buried beneath layers of sediment containing fish, bird, and mammal bones and carved animal bones and flint objects.

Although the skull was damaged, it was still included in the collection of the Gibraltar National Museum. The age of the skull remained unknown for a long time until a DNA analysis in 2019 showed that it belonged to a woman who lived 7,500 years ago. This discovery made it the oldest remains of a modern female woman found in Gibraltar so far. The DNA analysis also showed that the woman’s genetic ancestry was from far east of the Iberian Peninsula, providing new information about how ancient humans migrated during the spread of agriculture in Europe.

From the many Gibraltar Attractions, Gorham’s Cave is one of the most interesting things to do in Gibraltar. With Gibraltar Tours you will be able to explore the site and learn about its significance as it offers a fascinating insight into the lives of early humans.

Other significant finds at the cave include evidence of the use of fire, which was essential for cooking and warmth, as well as the use of marine resources such as shellfish. These findings indicate that early humans were adapting to their environment and were able to survive in the challenging conditions of Gibraltar’s harsh climate.

In conclusion, Gorham’s Cave is a fascinating, unique and significant archaeological Neanderthal site and its stunning natural beauty make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in history, archaeology, or nature.

Gibraltar’s Gorham’s Cave popular Gibraltar attraction can only be visited by pre booking with Gibraltar Tours, and accessibility may not be adequate for all people as there is a long steep staircase down to the Cave’s entrance via Europa Point’s viewing platform in Europa advanced road. All visits must be accompanied by the Gibraltar National Museum Gibraltar Tour guides.

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